New York hails
arrival of Mandela
NEW YORK - A cascade of adulation
and ticker tape engulfed Nelson Mandela yesterday during an emotional
welcome as he embarked upon a 12-day visit to the United States.
Hundreds of thousands of cheering New Yorkers filled sidewalks, clung
to lampposts and flung hundreds of tons of confetti from windows as the
freed South African activist sped along lower Broadway, shielded by a
bulletproof enclosure on the back of a flatbed truck.
"It's a great moment not only for blacks but for people of every
race and creed," said Patricia Comas, a Barclay's Bank officer who
spent several hours waiting in a dense crowd for Mandela to pass by Wall
Street and Broadway. "It's a great day for lovers of freedom."
Mandela's arrival in New York is partly a celebration of his liberation
on Feb. 11 - after more than 27 years in prison - and partly a reminder to
supporters that the struggle to end apartheid is incomplete.
"Apartheid is doomed," Mandela said to cheers at City Hall,
where he received the key to New York City from Mayor David N. Dinkins.
"South Africa shall be free. The struggle continues."
Mandela urged the U.S. government to maintain economic sanctions on the
South African government, a theme he has sounded repeatedly since he began
his six-week, 13-nation tour.
"Our simple message, in all these countries, is that the sanctions
should be maintained," Mandela said at Kennedy International Airport,
where he arrived more than two hours late from Montreal, the last city in
a three-day tour of Canada.
Mandela is scheduled to spend three days in New York, where he will
address the United Nations General Assembly tomorrow. Then he will travel
to Boston and Washington, where he is scheduled to meet with President
Bush on Monday and to address a joint session of Congress on Tuesday.
Bush said yesterday that he would tell Mandela that sanctions would not
be lifted until certain conditions under U.S. law were met. Bush said that
his earlier reservations about sanctions might have been misguided,
because the sanctions may have nudged democracy along.
Mandela also is to visit Atlanta, Miami, Detroit, Los Angeles and
Oakland, Calif., before leaving the United States on July 1.
Mandela beamed broadly and waved to crowds as his motorcade whisked him
and his wife, Winnie, from the airport to a brief stop at a predominantly
black high school in Brooklyn, where students chanted, "Keep the
"It was the single most memorable thing I've ever witnessed,"
said Gov. Mario Cuomo, referring to the reactions of bystanders yesterday.
At times Mandela appeared drawn and fatigued. Several meetings and a
dinner party Mandela was to have attended last night were canceled because
he was tiring, officials said.
Tour organizers expressed concern that the worldwide tour was taking
its toll on the 71-year-old and said his schedule could be abbreviated.
Last month, he underwent minor bladder surgery.
One purpose of the tour is to raise millions of dollars for the African
National Congress, the anti-apartheid organization that was legalized in
February after being banned for 30 years. Mandela is deputy president of
Organizers in each of the cities had to commit themselves to raising a
minimum of $1 million. So Mandela's schedule is filled with private and
public fund-raising events, including a rally tonight at Yankee Stadium.
Tour organizers said they were besieged with requests from politicians,
organizations and entertainers seeking to bask in the aura of the
Dinkins appeared likely to gain personal prestige by the presence of a
man he called yesterday an "international symbol of freedom."
The Mandelas will stay at the mayor's home, Gracie Mansion, during their
three days in New York.
Dinkins also pitched tickets to the Yankee Stadium rally on radio
advertisements, saying, "Come make history with us." Organizers
said yesterday they had sold all but 10,000 of the 50,000 tickets to the
Perhaps the most electrifying public event was Mandela's triumphant
drive down New York's "Canyon of Heroes" while paper rained down
Ticker tape - 150 miles imported from Connecticut, as well as paper
towels, toilet paper, adding-machine tape, computer cards, envelopes,
clumps of shredded documents and loose-leaf notepaper of all colors -
fluttered in the breeze above Broadway, catching on trees and in the
40-foot antennas that protrude like masts from the top of television news
More than 50 organizations representing almost every ethnic group in
New York preceded Mandela up Broadway - bagpipe corps, scout troops,
school bands, labor groups, African Americans, Asian Americans, Arab
Americans and a Korean cymbal-and-drum corps wearing "Free South
Security for the parade was tight. Uniformed sharpshooters were posted
along the route and the city assigned 12,000 police officers to control
Mandela waited to proceed along the parade route until all of the
marchers ahead of him had completed the parade and Broadway was clear.
Then he sped along the route in an 8-foot-long glass-and-steel shed on the
back of a truck. The vehicle, dubbed the Mandela-mobile by the police, was
built by the Federal Bureau of Diplomatic Security.
Mandela's visit meant different things to different people. But most
black Americans said they identified with Mandela's struggle and were
inspired by his quiet persistence.
"He's a wonderful person to survive 27 years in prison without
animosity," said Vernez Becks, a retired IRS auditor who came on an
early train from Freeport, Long Island, to stake out a curbside location.
Celeste Howard, 21, a Staten Island student who was picking up free
anti-apartheid posters distributed by a youth organization, said,
"Nelson Mandela represents everything we're fighting for here in